ASEAN

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  • #383752
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    ASEAN = the Association of South East Nations.

    Comprised of 10 South East Asia nations, including Cambodia.

    **

    ESTABLISHMENT

    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

    Brunei Darussalam then joined on 7 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN.

    **

    [Message last modified 05-10-2011 06:58pm by veayoo]

    #383761
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    AIMS AND PURPOSES

    As set out in the ASEAN Declaration, the aims and purposes of ASEAN are:

    1.

    To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavours in the spirit of equality and partnership in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations;

    2.

    To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter;

    3.

    To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields;

    4.

    To provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres;

    5.

    To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilisation of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communications facilities and the raising of the living standards of their peoples;

    6.

    To promote Southeast Asian studies; and

    7.

    To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organisations with similar aims and purposes, and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves.

    #383768
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

    In their relations with one another, the ASEAN Member States have adopted the following fundamental principles, as contained in the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) of 1976:

    1.

    Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations;

    2.

    The right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or coercion;

    3.

    Non-interference in the internal affairs of one another;

    4.

    Settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful manner;

    5.

    Renunciation of the threat or use of force; and

    6.

    Effective cooperation among themselves.

    #383775
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    ASEAN COMMUNITY

    The ASEAN Vision 2020, adopted by the ASEAN Leaders on the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN, agreed on a shared vision of ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies.

    At the 9th ASEAN Summit in 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established.

    At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015.

    The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely:

    1. the ASEAN Political-Security Community,

    2. ASEAN Economic Community, and

    3. ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.

    Each pillar has its own Blueprint, and, together with the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) Strategic Framework and IAI Work Plan Phase II (2009-2015), they form the Roadmap for and ASEAN Community 2009-2015.

    #383783
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    ASEAN CHARTER

    The ASEAN Charter serves as a firm foundation in achieving the ASEAN Community by providing legal status and institutional framework for ASEAN.

    It also codifies ASEAN norms, rules and values; sets clear targets for ASEAN; and presents accountability and compliance.

    The ASEAN Charter entered into force on 15 December 2008. A gathering of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers was held at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta to mark this very historic occasion for ASEAN.

    With the entry into force of the ASEAN Charter, ASEAN will henceforth operate under a new legal framework and establish a number of new organs to boost its community-building process.

    In effect, the ASEAN Charter has become a legally binding agreement among the 10 ASEAN Member States.

    #383791
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    Brunei Darussalam

    Head of State : His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah
    Capital : Bandar Seri Begawan
    Language(s) : Malay, English

    ——————————————————————————–

    Cambodia

    Head of State : His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni
    Head of Government : Prime Minister Hun Sen
    Capital : Phnom Penh
    Language : Khmer

    ——————————————————————————–

    Indonesia

    Head of State : President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
    Capital : Jakarta
    Language : Indonesian

    ——————————————————————————–

    Lao PDR

    Head of State : President Choummaly Sayasone
    Head of Government : Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong
    Capital : Vientiane
    Language : Lao

    ——————————————————————————–

    Malaysia

    Head of Government : The Honourable Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak
    Capital : Kuala Lumpur
    Language(s) : Malay, English, Chinese, Tamil

    ——————————————————————————–

    Myanmar

    Head of State : Senior General Than Shwe
    Head of Government : Prime Minister General Thein Sein
    Capital : Nay Pyi Taw
    Language : Myanmar

    ——————————————————————————–

    Philippines

    Head of State : President Benigno S. Aquino III
    Capital : Manila
    Language(s) : Filipino, English, Spanish

    ——————————————————————————–

    Singapore

    Head of State : President S R Nathan
    Head of Government : Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
    Capital : Singapore
    Language(s) : English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil

    ——————————————————————————–

    Thailand

    Head of State : His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej
    Head of Government : Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
    Capital : Bangkok
    Language : Thai

    ——————————————————————————–

    Viet Nam

    Head of State : President Nguyen Minh Triet
    Head of Government : Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung
    Capital : Ha Noi
    Language : Vietnamese

    #383797
    Avatar of JackTsang05
    JackTsang05
    Participant

    East Timor try to get into ASEAN, but they are rejected as of now because to lack of a stable government and the stability of the country. Also they are the poorest country in southeast asia and right within ASEAN there are still a few states that is very poor such as, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, etc… so adding East Timor to ASEAN would be difficult because they could not handle another poor state especially with the unstability of the country to bring in foreign investment unlike that of Cambodia and Laos.

    #383805
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    JackTsang05,

    Good info.

    I read about East Timor application for admission into Asean. I never found out why it has not been accepted yet.

    [i]Originally posted by JackTsang05[/i]
    East Timor try to get into ASEAN, but they are rejected as of now because to lack of a stable government and the stability of the country. Also they are the poorest country in southeast asia and right within ASEAN there are still a few states that is very poor such as, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, etc… so adding East Timor to ASEAN would be difficult because they could not handle another poor state especially with the unstability of the country to bring in foreign investment unlike that of Cambodia and Laos.

    #383812
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    ASEAN has grown large. It major structural institutions are the following:

    ASEAN Chair

    ASEAN Secretariat

    Ministerial Bodies

    ASEAN Summits

    ASEAN Coordinating Council

    ASEAN Community Councils

    National Secretariats

    Committees abroad

    #383820
    Avatar of veayoo
    veayoo
    Participant

    ASEAN Chair

    According to Article 31 of the ASEAN Charter, the Chairmanship of ASEAN shall rotate annually, based on the alphabetical order of the English names of Member States.

    A Member State assuming the Chairmanship shall chair the ASEAN Summit and related summits, the ASEAN Coordinating Council, the three ASEAN Community Councils, relevant ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies and senior officials, and the Committee of Permanent Representatives.

    On 9 April 2010, at the 16th ASEAN Summit in Ha Noi, however, the ten Member States of ASEAN unanimously agreed to Indonesia’s request for a swap of ASEAN Chairmanship with Brunei Darussalam for the year 2011.

    This exchange, however, is one-off and will not affect Cambodia’s assumption of ASEAN Chairmanship in 2012.

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