May 10, 2011 at 11:38 am #383752
ASEAN = the Association of South East Nations.
Comprised of 10 South East Asia nations, including Cambodia.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
Brunei Darussalam then joined on 7 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN.
[Message last modified 05-10-2011 06:58pm by veayoo]May 10, 2011 at 12:01 pm #383761
AIMS AND PURPOSES
As set out in the ASEAN Declaration, the aims and purposes of ASEAN are:
To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavours in the spirit of equality and partnership in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations;
To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter;
To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields;
To provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres;
To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilisation of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communications facilities and the raising of the living standards of their peoples;
To promote Southeast Asian studies; and
To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organisations with similar aims and purposes, and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves.May 10, 2011 at 12:03 pm #383768
In their relations with one another, the ASEAN Member States have adopted the following fundamental principles, as contained in the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) of 1976:
Mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations;
The right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or coercion;
Non-interference in the internal affairs of one another;
Settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful manner;
Renunciation of the threat or use of force; and
Effective cooperation among themselves.May 10, 2011 at 12:06 pm #383775
The ASEAN Vision 2020, adopted by the ASEAN Leaders on the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN, agreed on a shared vision of ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies.
At the 9th ASEAN Summit in 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established.
At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015.
The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely:
1. the ASEAN Political-Security Community,
2. ASEAN Economic Community, and
3. ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.
Each pillar has its own Blueprint, and, together with the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) Strategic Framework and IAI Work Plan Phase II (2009-2015), they form the Roadmap for and ASEAN Community 2009-2015.May 10, 2011 at 12:08 pm #383783
The ASEAN Charter serves as a firm foundation in achieving the ASEAN Community by providing legal status and institutional framework for ASEAN.
It also codifies ASEAN norms, rules and values; sets clear targets for ASEAN; and presents accountability and compliance.
The ASEAN Charter entered into force on 15 December 2008. A gathering of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers was held at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta to mark this very historic occasion for ASEAN.
With the entry into force of the ASEAN Charter, ASEAN will henceforth operate under a new legal framework and establish a number of new organs to boost its community-building process.
In effect, the ASEAN Charter has become a legally binding agreement among the 10 ASEAN Member States.May 10, 2011 at 1:31 pm #383791
Head of State : His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin Waddaulah
Capital : Bandar Seri Begawan
Language(s) : Malay, English
Head of State : His Majesty King Norodom Sihamoni
Head of Government : Prime Minister Hun Sen
Capital : Phnom Penh
Language : Khmer
Head of State : President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Capital : Jakarta
Language : Indonesian
Head of State : President Choummaly Sayasone
Head of Government : Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong
Capital : Vientiane
Language : Lao
Head of Government : The Honourable Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak
Capital : Kuala Lumpur
Language(s) : Malay, English, Chinese, Tamil
Head of State : Senior General Than Shwe
Head of Government : Prime Minister General Thein Sein
Capital : Nay Pyi Taw
Language : Myanmar
Head of State : President Benigno S. Aquino III
Capital : Manila
Language(s) : Filipino, English, Spanish
Head of State : President S R Nathan
Head of Government : Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
Capital : Singapore
Language(s) : English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil
Head of State : His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej
Head of Government : Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
Capital : Bangkok
Language : Thai
Head of State : President Nguyen Minh Triet
Head of Government : Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung
Capital : Ha Noi
Language : VietnameseMay 10, 2011 at 3:42 pm #383797
East Timor try to get into ASEAN, but they are rejected as of now because to lack of a stable government and the stability of the country. Also they are the poorest country in southeast asia and right within ASEAN there are still a few states that is very poor such as, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, etc… so adding East Timor to ASEAN would be difficult because they could not handle another poor state especially with the unstability of the country to bring in foreign investment unlike that of Cambodia and Laos.May 10, 2011 at 4:49 pm #383805
I read about East Timor application for admission into Asean. I never found out why it has not been accepted yet.
[i]Originally posted by JackTsang05[/i]
East Timor try to get into ASEAN, but they are rejected as of now because to lack of a stable government and the stability of the country. Also they are the poorest country in southeast asia and right within ASEAN there are still a few states that is very poor such as, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, etc… so adding East Timor to ASEAN would be difficult because they could not handle another poor state especially with the unstability of the country to bring in foreign investment unlike that of Cambodia and Laos.May 11, 2011 at 5:53 am #383812
ASEAN has grown large. It major structural institutions are the following:
ASEAN Coordinating Council
ASEAN Community Councils
Committees abroadMay 11, 2011 at 6:18 am #383820
According to Article 31 of the ASEAN Charter, the Chairmanship of ASEAN shall rotate annually, based on the alphabetical order of the English names of Member States.
A Member State assuming the Chairmanship shall chair the ASEAN Summit and related summits, the ASEAN Coordinating Council, the three ASEAN Community Councils, relevant ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies and senior officials, and the Committee of Permanent Representatives.
On 9 April 2010, at the 16th ASEAN Summit in Ha Noi, however, the ten Member States of ASEAN unanimously agreed to Indonesia’s request for a swap of ASEAN Chairmanship with Brunei Darussalam for the year 2011.
This exchange, however, is one-off and will not affect Cambodia’s assumption of ASEAN Chairmanship in 2012.May 11, 2011 at 6:19 am #383827
The ASEAN Secretariat
The ASEAN Secretariat was set up in February 1976 by the Foreign Ministers of ASEAN. It was then housed at the Department of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia in Jakarta.
The existing ASEAN Secretariat at 70A Jalan Sisingamangaraja, Jakarta was established and officiated in 1981 by the then President of Indonesia, H.E. Soeharto.
The ASEAN Secretariat’s basic function is to provide for greater efficiency in the coordination of ASEAN organs and for more effective implementation of ASEAN projects and activities.
The ASEAN Secretariat’s vision is that by 2015, it will be the nerve centre of a strong and confident ASEAN Community that is globally respected for acting in full compliance with its Charter and in the best interest of its people.
The ASEAN Secretariat’s mission is to initiate, facilitate and coordinate ASEAN stakeholder collaboration in realising the purposes and principles of ASEAN as reflected in the ASEAN Charter.May 11, 2011 at 6:45 am #383835
The ASEAN Charter is a constitution for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It was adopted at the 13th ASEAN Summit in November 2007.
The intention to draft the constitution had been formally tabled at the 11th ASEAN Summit held in December 2005 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ten ASEAN leaders, one each from each member state, called the ASEAN Eminent Persons Group were assigned to produce recommendations of the drafting of the charter.
In the 12th ASEAN Summit held in January 2007 in Cebu, the Philippines, several basic proposals were made public. The ASEAN Leaders, therefore, agreed during the Summit to set up a “high level task force on the drafting of the ASEAN Charter” composed of 10 high level government officials from ten member countries.
The task force then held 13 meetings during 2007. Some of the proposals include the removal of non-interference policy that is central to the regional group since its formation in the 1960s, and to set up a human rights body.May 11, 2011 at 6:47 am #383843
Principles set out in the charter include:
Emphasising the centrality of ASEAN in regional cooperation.
Respect for the principles of territorial integrity, sovereignty, non-interference and national identities of ASEAN members.
Promoting regional peace and identity, peaceful settlements of disputes through dialogue and consultation, and the renunciation of aggression.
Upholding international law with respect to human rights, social justice and multilateral trade.
Encouraging regional integration of trade.
Appointment of a Secretary-General and Permanent Representatives of ASEAN.
Establishment of a human rights body and an unresolved dispute mechanism, to be decided at ASEAN Summits.
Development of friendly external relations and a position with the UN (like the EU)
Increasing the number of ASEAN summits to twice a year and the ability to convene for emergency situations.
Reiterating the use of the ASEAN flag, anthem, emblem and national ASEAN day on August 8.May 11, 2011 at 6:50 am #383851
The Charter came into force in December 2008, thirty days after Thailand’s delivery of the final instrument of ratification.May 11, 2011 at 6:53 am #383860
On December 15, 2008, the members of ASEAN met in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta to launch a charter, signed in November 2007, with the aim of moving closer to “an EU-style community”.
The charter turns ASEAN into a legal entity and aims to create a single free-trade area for the region encompassing 500 million people.
Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono stated: “This is a momentous development when ASEAN is consolidating, integrating and transforming itself into a community. It is achieved while ASEAN seeks a more vigorous role in Asian and global affairs at a time when the international system is experiencing a seismic shift,” he added, referring to climate change and economic upheaval. Southeast Asia is no longer the bitterly divided, war-torn region it was in the 1960s and 1970s.”
The charter’s aims included:
1.”Respect for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of member states”
2.”Peaceful settlement of disputes”
3.”Non-interference in member states’ internal affairs”
4.”Right to live without external interference”
However, the ongoing global financial crisis was stated as being a threat to the goals envisioned by the charter, and also set forth the idea of a proposed human rights body to be discussed at a future summit in February 2009. This proposal caused controversy, as the body would not have the power to impose sanctions or punish countries who violate citizens’ rights and would therefore be limited in effectiveness.May 11, 2011 at 1:49 pm #383875
ASEAN Charter,ASEAN constitution, is comprised of a Preamble and 13 chapters which list 55 articles.
WE, THE PEOPLES of the Member States of the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as
represented by the Heads of State or Government of Brunei
Darussalam, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of
Indonesia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia,
the Union of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the
Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand and the
Socialist Republic of Viet Nam:
NOTING with satisfaction the significant achievements and
expansion of ASEAN since its establishment in Bangkok
through the promulgation of The ASEAN Declaration;
RECALLING the decisions to establish an ASEAN Charter in
the Vientiane Action Programme, the Kuala Lumpur
Declaration on the Establishment of the ASEAN Charter and
the Cebu Declaration on the Blueprint of the ASEAN Charter;
MINDFUL of the existence of mutual interests and
interdependence among the peoples and Member States of
ASEAN which are bound by geography, common objectives
and shared destiny;
INSPIRED by and united under One Vision, One Identity and
One Caring and Sharing Community;
UNITED by a common desire and collective will to live in a
region of lasting peace, security and stability, sustained
economic growth, shared prosperity and social progress, and
to promote our vital interests, ideals and aspirations;
RESPECTING the fundamental importance of amity and
cooperation, and the principles of sovereignty, equality,
territorial integrity, non-interference, consensus and unity in
ADHERING to the principles of democracy, the rule of law
and good governance, respect for and protection of human
rights and fundamental freedoms;
RESOLVED to ensure sustainable development for the
benefit of present and future generations and to place the
well-being, livelihood and welfare of the peoples at the centre
of the ASEAN community building process;
CONVINCED of the need to strengthen existing bonds of
regional solidarity to realise an ASEAN Community that is
politically cohesive, economically integrated and socially
responsible in order to effectively respond to current and
future challenges and opportunities;
COMMITTED to intensifying community building through
enhanced regional cooperation and integration, in particular
by establishing an ASEAN Community comprising the
ASEAN Security Community, the ASEAN Economic
Community and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community, as
provided for in the Bali Declaration of ASEAN Concord II;
HEREBY DECIDE to establish, through this Charter, the
legal and institutional framework for ASEAN,
AND TO THIS END, the Heads of State or Government of
the Member States of ASEAN, assembled in Singapore on
the historic occasion of the 40th anniversary of the founding
of ASEAN, have agreed to this Charter.
[Message last modified 05-11-2011 09:13pm by veayoo]May 11, 2011 at 2:12 pm #383868
PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES
ARTICLE 1: PURPOSES
The Purposes of ASEAN are:
1. To maintain and enhance peace, security and stability
and further strengthen peace-oriented values in the region;
2. To enhance regional resilience by promoting greater
political, security, economic and socio-cultural cooperation;
3. To preserve Southeast Asia as a Nuclear Weapon-Free
Zone and free of all other weapons of mass destruction;
4. To ensure that the peoples and Member States of ASEAN
live in peace with the world at large in a just, democratic and
5. To create a single market and production base which is
stable, prosperous, highly competitive and economically
integrated with effective facilitation for trade and investment in
which there is free flow of goods, services and investment;
facilitated movement of business persons, professionals,
talents and labour; and freer flow of capital;
6. To alleviate poverty and narrow the development gap
within ASEAN through mutual assistance and cooperation;
7. To strengthen democracy, enhance good governance and
the rule of law, and to promote and protect human rights and
fundamental freedoms, with due regard to the rights and
responsibilities of the Member States of ASEAN;
8. To respond effectively, in accordance with the principle of
comprehensive security, to all forms of threats, transnational
crimes and transboundary challenges;
9. To promote sustainable development so as to ensure the
protection of the region’s environment, the sustainability of its
natural resources, the preservation of its cultural heritage and
the high quality of life of its peoples;
10. To develop human resources through closer cooperation
in education and life-long learning, and in science and
technology, for the empowerment of the peoples of ASEAN and
for the strengthening of the ASEAN Community;
11. To enhance the well-being and livelihood of the peoples
of ASEAN by providing them with equitable access to
opportunities for human development, social welfare and
12. To strengthen cooperation in building a safe, secure and
drug-free environment for the peoples of ASEAN;
13. To promote a people-oriented ASEAN in which all sectors
of society are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from,
the process of ASEAN integration and community building;
14. To promote an ASEAN identity through the fostering of
greater awareness of the diverse culture and heritage of the
15. To maintain the centrality and proactive role of ASEAN as
the primary driving force in its relations and cooperation with its
external partners in a regional architecture that is open,
transparent and inclusive.
ARTICLE 2: PRINCIPLES
1. In pursuit of the Purposes stated in Article 1, ASEAN and
its Member States reaffirm and adhere to the fundamental
principles contained in the declarations, agreements,
conventions, concords, treaties and other instruments of
2. ASEAN and its Member States shall act in accordance
with the following Principles:
(a) respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality,
territorial integrity and national identity of all ASEAN
(b) shared commitment and collective responsibility in
enhancing regional peace, security and prosperity;
(c) renunciation of aggression and of the threat or use
of force or other actions in any manner inconsistent
with international law;
(d) reliance on peaceful settlement of disputes;
(e) non-interference in the internal affairs of ASEAN
(f) respect for the right of every Member State to lead
its national existence free from external
interference, subversion and coercion;
(g) enhanced consultations on matters seriously
affecting the common interest of ASEAN;
(h) adherence to the rule of law, good governance, the
principles of democracy and constitutional
(i) respect for fundamental freedoms, the promotion
and protection of human rights, and the promotion
of social justice;
(j) upholding the United Nations Charter and
international law, including international
humanitarian law, subscribed to by ASEAN Member
(k) abstention from participation in any policy or activity,
including the use of its territory, pursued by any
ASEAN Member State or non-ASEAN State or any
non-State actor, which threatens the sovereignty,
territorial integrity or political and economic stability
of ASEAN Member States;
(l) respect for the different cultures, languages and
religions of the peoples of ASEAN, while
emphasising their common values in the spirit of
unity in diversity;
(m) the centrality of ASEAN in external political,
economic, social and cultural relations while
remaining actively engaged, outward-looking,
inclusive and non-discriminatory; and
(n) adherence to multilateral trade rules and ASEAN’s
rules-based regimes for effective implementation of
economic commitments and progressive reduction
towards elimination of all barriers to regional
economic integration, in a market-driven economy.May 11, 2011 at 7:28 pm #383883
How come most Asian people act as like as hell??????????May 12, 2011 at 4:01 am #383891
It appears like you need to yell out frustations! hah ha
[i]Originally posted by KomLostBong[/i]
How come most Asian people act as like as hell??????????May 12, 2011 at 4:07 am #383898
ARTICLE 3. LEGAL PERSONALITY OF ASEAN
ASEAN, as an inter-governmental organisation, is hereby
conferred legal personality.May 12, 2011 at 4:13 am #383906
ARTICLE 4. MEMBER STATES
The Member States of ASEAN are Brunei Darussalam, the
Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao
People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Union of
Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of
Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand and the Socialist Republic
of Viet Nam.
ARTICLE 5. RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
1. Member States shall have equal rights and obligations
under this Charter.
2. Member States shall take all necessary measures,
including the enactment of appropriate domestic legislation, to
effectively implement the provisions of this Charter and to
comply with all obligations of membership.
3. In the case of a serious breach of the Charter or noncompliance,
the matter shall be referred to Article 20.
ARTICLE 6. ADMISSION OF NEW MEMBERS
1. The procedure for application and admission to ASEAN
shall be prescribed by the ASEAN Coordinating Council.
2. Admission shall be based on the following criteria:
(a) location in the recognised geographical region of
(b) recognition by all ASEAN Member States;
(c) agreement to be bound and to abide by the Charter;
(d) ability and willingness to carry out the obligations of
3. Admission shall be decided by consensus by the ASEAN
Summit, upon the recommendation of the ASEAN Coordinating
4. An applicant State shall be admitted to ASEAN upon
signing an Instrument of Accession to the Charter.May 12, 2011 at 4:58 am #383914
ARTICLE 7. ASEAN SUMMIT
1. The ASEAN Summit shall comprise the Heads of State or
Government of the Member States.
2. The ASEAN Summit shall:
(a) be the supreme policy-making body of ASEAN;
(b) deliberate, provide policy guidance and take
decisions on key issues pertaining to the realisation
of the objectives of ASEAN, important matters of
interest to Member States and all issues referred to
it by the ASEAN Coordinating Council, the ASEAN
Community Councils and ASEAN Sectoral
(c) instruct the relevant Ministers in each of the
Councils concerned to hold ad hoc inter-Ministerial
meetings, and address important issues concerning
ASEAN that cut across the Community Councils.
Rules of procedure for such meetings shall be
adopted by the ASEAN Coordinating Council;
(d) address emergency situations affecting ASEAN by
taking appropriate actions;
(e) decide on matters referred to it under Chapters VII
(f) authorize the establishment and the dissolution of
Sectoral Ministerial Bodies and other ASEAN
(g) appoint the Secretary-General of ASEAN, with the
rank and status of Minister, who will serve with the
confidence and at the pleasure of the Heads of
State or Government upon the recommendation of
the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting.
3. ASEAN Summit Meetings shall be:
(a) held twice annually, and be hosted by the Member
State holding the ASEAN Chairmanship; and
(b) convened, whenever necessary, as special or ad
hoc meetings to be chaired by the Member State
holding the ASEAN Chairmanship, at venues to be
agreed upon by ASEAN Member States.
ARTICLE 8. ASEAN COORDINATING COUNCIL
1. The ASEAN Coordinating Council shall comprise the
ASEAN Foreign Ministers and meet at least twice a year.
2. The ASEAN Coordinating Council shall:
(a) prepare the meetings of the ASEAN Summit;
(b) coordinate the implementation of agreements and
decisions of the ASEAN Summit;
(c) coordinate with the ASEAN Community Councils to
enhance policy coherence, efficiency and
cooperation among them;
(d) coordinate the reports of the ASEAN Community
Councils to the ASEAN Summit;
(e) consider the annual report of the Secretary-General
on the work of ASEAN;
(f) consider the report of the Secretary-General on the
functions and operations of the ASEAN Secretariat
and other relevant bodies;
(g) approve the appointment and termination of the
Deputy Secretaries-General upon the
recommendation of the Secretary-General; and
(h) undertake other tasks provided for in this Charter or
such other functions as may be assigned by the
3. The ASEAN Coordinating Council shall be supported by
the relevant senior officials.
ARTICLE 9. ASEAN COMMUNITY COUNCILS
1. The ASEAN Community Councils shall comprise the
ASEAN Political-Security Community Council, ASEAN
Economic Community Council, and ASEAN Socio-Cultural
2. Each ASEAN Community Council shall have under its
purview the relevant ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies.
3. Each Member State shall designate its national
representation for each ASEAN Community Council meeting.
4. In order to realise the objectives of each of the three
pillars of the ASEAN Community, each ASEAN Community
(a) ensure the implementation of the relevant decisions
of the ASEAN Summit;
(b) coordinate the work of the different sectors under its
purview, and on issues which cut across the other
Community Councils; and
(c) submit reports and recommendations to the ASEAN
Summit on matters under its purview.
5. Each ASEAN Community Council shall meet at least
twice a year and shall be chaired by the appropriate Minister
from the Member State holding the ASEAN Chairmanship.
6. Each ASEAN Community Council shall be supported by
the relevant senior officials.
ARTICLE 10. ASEAN SECTORAL MINISTERIAL BODIES
1. ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies shall:
(a) function in accordance with their respective
(b) implement the agreements and decisions of the
ASEAN Summit under their respective purview;
(c) strengthen cooperation in their respective fields in
support of ASEAN integration and community
(d) submit reports and recommendations to their
respective Community Councils.
2. Each ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Body may have under
its purview the relevant senior officials and subsidiary bodies to
undertake its functions as contained in Annex 1. The Annex
may be updated by the Secretary-General of ASEAN upon the
recommendation of the Committee of Permanent
Representatives without recourse to the provision on
Amendments under this Charter.
ARTICLE 11. SECRETARY-GENERAL OF ASEAN AND ASEAN SECRETARIAT
1. The Secretary-General of ASEAN shall be appointed by
the ASEAN Summit for a non-renewable term of office of five
years, selected from among nationals of the ASEAN Member
States based on alphabetical rotation, with due consideration to
integrity, capability and professional experience, and gender
2. The Secretary-General shall:
(a) carry out the duties and responsibilities of this high
office in accordance with the provisions of this
Charter and relevant ASEAN instruments, protocols
and established practices;
(b) facilitate and monitor progress in the
implementation of ASEAN agreements and
decisions, and submit an annual report on the work
of ASEAN to the ASEAN Summit;
(c) participate in meetings of the ASEAN Summit, the
ASEAN Community Councils, the ASEAN Coordinating Council,
and ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies and other relevant ASEAN
(d) present the views of ASEAN and participate in
meetings with external parties in accordance with
approved policy guidelines and mandate given to
the Secretary-General; and
(e) recommend the appointment and termination of the
Deputy Secretaries-General to the ASEAN
Coordinating Council for approval.
3. The Secretary-General shall also be the Chief
Administrative Officer of ASEAN.
4. The Secretary-General shall be assisted by four Deputy
Secretaries-General with the rank and status of Deputy
Ministers. The Deputy Secretaries-General shall be
accountable to the Secretary-General in carrying out their
5. The four Deputy Secretaries-General shall be of different
nationalities from the Secretary-General and shall come from
four different ASEAN Member States.
6. The four Deputy Secretaries-General shall comprise:
(a) two Deputy Secretaries-General who will serve a
non-renewable term of three years, selected from
among nationals of the ASEAN Member States
based on alphabetical rotation, with due
consideration to integrity, qualifications,
competence, experience and gender equality; and
(b) two Deputy Secretaries-General who will serve a
term of three years, which may be renewed for
another three years. These two Deputy Secretaries-
General shall be openly recruited based on merit.
7. The ASEAN Secretariat shall comprise the Secretary-
General and such staff as may be required.
8. The Secretary-General and the staff shall:
(a) uphold the highest standards of integrity, efficiency,
and competence in the performance of their duties;
(b) not seek or receive instructions from any
government or external party outside of ASEAN;
(c) refrain from any action which might reflect on their
position as ASEAN Secretariat officials responsible
only to ASEAN.
9. Each ASEAN Member State undertakes to respect the
exclusively ASEAN character of the responsibilities of the
Secretary-General and the staff, and not to seek to influence
them in the discharge of their responsibilities.
ARTICLE 12. COMMITTEE OF PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVES TO ASEAN
1. Each ASEAN Member State shall appoint a Permanent
Representative to ASEAN with the rank of Ambassador based
2. The Permanent Representatives collectively constitute a
Committee of Permanent Representatives, which shall:
(a) support the work of the ASEAN Community
Councils and ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies;
(b) coordinate with ASEAN National Secretariats and
other ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies;
(c) liaise with the Secretary-General of ASEAN and the
ASEAN Secretariat on all subjects relevant to its
(d) facilitate ASEAN cooperation with external partners;
(e) perform such other functions as may be determined
by the ASEAN Coordinating Council.
ARTICLE 13. ASEAN NATIONAL SECRETARIATS
Each ASEAN Member State shall establish an ASEAN National
Secretariat which shall:
(a) serve as the national focal point;
(b) be the repository of information on all ASEAN
matters at the national level;
(c) coordinate the implementation of ASEAN decisions
at the national level;
(d) coordinate and support the national preparations of
(e) promote ASEAN identity and awareness at the
national level; and
(f) contribute to ASEAN community building.
ARTICLE 14. ASEAN HUMAN RIGHTS BODY
1. In conformity with the purposes and principles of the
ASEAN Charter relating to the promotion and protection of
human rights and fundamental freedoms, ASEAN shall
establish an ASEAN human rights body.
2. This ASEAN human rights body shall operate in
accordance with the terms of reference to be determined by the
ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting.
ARTICLE 15. ASEAN FOUNDATION
1. The ASEAN Foundation shall support the Secretary-
General of ASEAN and collaborate with the relevant ASEAN
bodies to support ASEAN community building by promoting
greater awareness of the ASEAN identity, people-to-people
interaction, and close collaboration among the business sector,
civil society, academia and other stakeholders in ASEAN.
2. The ASEAN Foundation shall be accountable to the
Secretary-General of ASEAN, who shall submit its report to the
ASEAN Summit through the ASEAN Coordinating Council.May 12, 2011 at 5:01 am #383922
ENTITIES ASSOCIATED WITH ASEAN
ARTICLE 16. ENTITIES ASSOCIATED WITH ASEAN
1. ASEAN may engage with entities which support the
ASEAN Charter, in particular its purposes and principles. These
associated entities are listed in Annex 2.
2. Rules of procedure and criteria for engagement shall be
prescribed by the Committee of Permanent Representatives
upon the recommendation of the Secretary-General of ASEAN.
3. Annex 2 may be updated by the Secretary-General of
ASEAN upon the recommendation of the Committee of
Permanent Representatives without recourse to the provision
on Amendments under this Charter.May 12, 2011 at 5:05 am #383930
IMMUNITIES AND PRIVILEGES
ARTICLE 17. IMMUNITIES AND PRIVILEGES OF ASEAN
1. ASEAN shall enjoy in the territories of the Member States
such immunities and privileges as are necessary for the
fulfilment of its purposes.
2. The immunities and privileges shall be laid down in
separate agreements between ASEAN and the host Member
ARTICLE 18. IMMUNITIES AND PRIVILEGES OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL
OF ASEAN AND STAFF OF THE ASEAN SECRETARIAT
1. The Secretary-General of ASEAN and staff of the ASEAN
Secretariat participating in official ASEAN activities or
representing ASEAN in the Member States shall enjoy such
immunities and privileges as are necessary for the independent
exercise of their functions.
2. The immunities and privileges under this Article shall be
laid down in a separate ASEAN agreement.
ARTICLE 19. IMMUNITIES AND PRIVILEGES OF THE PERMANENT
REPRESENTATIVES AND OFFICIALS ON ASEAN DUTIES
1. The Permanent Representatives of the Member States to
ASEAN and officials of the Member States participating in
official ASEAN activities or representing ASEAN in the Member
States shall enjoy such immunities and privileges as are
necessary for the exercise of their functions.
2. The immunities and privileges of the Permanent
Representatives and officials on ASEAN duties shall be
governed by the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic
Relations or in accordance with the national law of the ASEAN
Member State concerned.May 12, 2011 at 5:08 am #383938
ARTICLE 20. CONSULTATION AND CONSENSUS
1. As a basic principle, decision-making in ASEAN shall be
based on consultation and consensus.
2. Where consensus cannot be achieved, the ASEAN
Summit may decide how a specific decision can be made.
3. Nothing in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall affect
the modes of decision-making as contained in the relevant
ASEAN legal instruments.
4. In the case of a serious breach of the Charter or noncompliance,
the matter shall be referred to the ASEAN Summit for decision.
ARTICLE 21. IMPLEMENTATION AND PROCEDURE
1. Each ASEAN Community Council shall prescribe its own
rules of procedure.
2. In the implementation of economic commitments, a
formula for flexible participation, including the ASEAN Minus X
formula, may be applied where there is a consensus to do so.May 12, 2011 at 5:14 am #383946
SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
ARTICLE 22. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
1. Member States shall endeavour to resolve peacefully all
disputes in a timely manner through dialogue, consultation and
2. ASEAN shall maintain and establish dispute settlement
mechanisms in all fields of ASEAN cooperation.
ARTICLE 23. GOOD OFFICES, CONCILIATION AND MEDIATION
1. Member States which are parties to a dispute may at any
time agree to resort to good offices, conciliation or mediation in
order to resolve the dispute within an agreed time limit.
2. Parties to the dispute may request the Chairman of
ASEAN or the Secretary-General of ASEAN, acting in an exofficio
capacity, to provide good offices, conciliation or
ARTICLE 24. DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISMS IN SPECIFIC
1. Disputes relating to specific ASEAN instruments shall be
settled through the mechanisms and procedures provided for in
2. Disputes which do not concern the interpretation or
application of any ASEAN instrument shall be resolved
peacefully in accordance with the Treaty of Amity and
Cooperation in Southeast Asia and its rules of procedure.
3. Where not otherwise specifically provided, disputes which
concern the interpretation or application of ASEAN economic
agreements shall be settled in accordance with the ASEAN
Protocol on Enhanced Dispute Settlement Mechanism.
ARTICLE 25. ESTABLISHMENT OF DISPUTE SETTLEMENT MECHANISMS
Where not otherwise specifically provided, appropriate dispute
settlement mechanisms, including arbitration, shall be
established for disputes which concern the interpretation or
application of this Charter and other ASEAN instruments.
ARTICLE 26. UNRESOLVED DISPUTES
When a dispute remains unresolved, after the application of the
preceding provisions of this Chapter, this dispute shall be
referred to the ASEAN Summit, for its decision.
ARTICLE 27. COMPLIANCE
1. The Secretary-General of ASEAN, assisted by the
ASEAN Secretariat or any other designated ASEAN body,
shall monitor the compliance with the findings,
recommendations or decisions resulting from an ASEAN
dispute settlement mechanism, and submit a report to the
2. Any Member State affected by non-compliance with the
findings, recommendations or decisions resulting from an
ASEAN dispute settlement mechanism, may refer the matter to
the ASEAN Summit for a decision.
ARTICLE 28. UNITED NATIONS CHARTER PROVISIONS AND
OTHER RELEVANT INTERNATIONAL PROCEDURES
Unless otherwise provided for in this Charter, Member States
have the right of recourse to the modes of peaceful settlement
contained in Article 33(1) of the Charter of the United Nations or
any other international legal instruments to which the disputing
Member States are parties.May 12, 2011 at 5:18 am #383953
BUDGET AND FINANCE
ARTICLE 29. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
1. ASEAN shall establish financial rules and procedures in
accordance with international standards.
2. ASEAN shall observe sound financial management
policies and practices and budgetary discipline.
3. Financial accounts shall be subject to internal and
ARTICLE 30. OPERATIONAL BUDGET AND FINANCES
OF THE ASEAN SECRETARIAT
1. The ASEAN Secretariat shall be provided with the
necessary financial resources to perform its functions
2. The operational budget of the ASEAN Secretariat shall be
met by ASEAN Member States through equal annual
contributions which shall be remitted in a timely manner.
3. The Secretary-General shall prepare the annual
operational budget of the ASEAN Secretariat for approval by
the ASEAN Coordinating Council upon the recommendation of
the Committee of Permanent Representatives.
4. The ASEAN Secretariat shall operate in accordance with
the financial rules and procedures determined by the ASEAN
Coordinating Council upon the recommendation of the
Committee of Permanent Representatives.May 12, 2011 at 5:25 am #383962
ADMINISTRATION AND PROCEDURE
ARTICLE 31. CHAIRMAN OF ASEAN
1. The Chairmanship of ASEAN shall rotate annually, based
on the alphabetical order of the English names of Member
2. ASEAN shall have, in a calendar year, a single
Chairmanship by which the Member State assuming the
Chairmanship shall chair:
(a) the ASEAN Summit and related summits;
(b) the ASEAN Coordinating Council;
(c) the three ASEAN Community Councils;
(d) where appropriate, the relevant ASEAN Sectoral
Ministerial Bodies and senior officials; and
(e) the Committee of Permanent Representatives.
ARTICLE 32. ROLE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF ASEAN
The Member State holding the Chairmanship of ASEAN shall:
(a) actively promote and enhance the interests and wellbeing
of ASEAN, including efforts to build an ASEAN
Community through policy initiatives, coordination,
consensus and cooperation;
(b) ensure the centrality of ASEAN;
(c) ensure an effective and timely response to urgent
issues or crisis situations affecting ASEAN, including
providing its good offices and such other arrangements
to immediately address these concerns;
(d) represent ASEAN in strengthening and promoting
closer relations with external partners; and
(e) carry out such other tasks and functions as may be
ARTICLE 33. DIPLOMATIC PROTOCOL AND PRACTICES
ASEAN and its Member States shall adhere to existing
diplomatic protocol and practices in the conduct of all activities
relating to ASEAN. Any changes shall be approved by the
ASEAN Coordinating Council upon the recommendation of the
Committee of Permanent Representatives.
ARTICLE 34. WORKING LANGUAGE OF ASEAN
The working language of ASEAN shall be English.May 12, 2011 at 6:49 am #383970
IDENTITY AND SYMBOLS
ARTICLE 35. ASEAN IDENTITY
ASEAN shall promote its common ASEAN identity and a sense
of belonging among its peoples in order to achieve its shared
destiny, goals and values.
ARTICLE 36. ASEAN MOTTO
The ASEAN motto shall be: “One Vision, One Identity, One Community”
ARTICLE 37. ASEAN FLAG
The ASEAN flag shall be as shown in Annex 3.
ARTICLE 38. ASEAN EMBLEM
The ASEAN emblem shall be as shown in Annex 4.
ARTICLE 39. ASEAN DAY
The eighth of August shall be observed as ASEAN Day.
ARTICLE 40. ASEAN ANTHEM
ASEAN shall have an anthem.May 12, 2011 at 6:57 am #383978
ARTICLE 41. CONDUCT OF EXTERNAL RELATIONS
1. ASEAN shall develop friendly relations and mutually
beneficial dialogue, cooperation and partnerships with countries
and sub-regional, regional and international organisations and
2. The external relations of ASEAN shall adhere to the
purposes and principles set forth in this Charter.
3. ASEAN shall be the primary driving force in regional
arrangements that it initiates and maintain its centrality in
regional cooperation and community building.
4. In the conduct of external relations of ASEAN, Member
States shall, on the basis of unity and solidarity, coordinate and
endeavour to develop common positions and pursue joint
5. The strategic policy directions of ASEAN’s external
relations shall be set by the ASEAN Summit upon the
recommendation of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting.
6. The ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting shall ensure
consistency and coherence in the conduct of ASEAN’s external
7. ASEAN may conclude agreements with countries or subregional,
regional and international organisations and
institutions. The procedures for concluding such agreements
shall be prescribed by the ASEAN Coordinating Council in
consultation with the ASEAN Community Councils.
ARTICLE 42. DIALOGUE COORDINATOR
1. Member States, acting as Country Coordinators, shall
take turns to take overall responsibility in coordinating and
promoting the interests of ASEAN in its relations with the
relevant Dialogue Partners, regional and international
organisations and institutions.
2. In relations with the external partners, the Country
Coordinators shall, inter alia:
(a) represent ASEAN and enhance relations on the
basis of mutual respect and equality, in conformity
with ASEAN’s principles;
(b) co-chair relevant meetings between ASEAN and
external partners; and
(c) be supported by the relevant ASEAN Committees in
Third Countries and International Organisations.
ARTICLE 43. ASEAN COMMITTEES IN THIRD COUNTRIES
AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS
1. ASEAN Committees in Third Countries may be
established in non-ASEAN countries comprising heads of
diplomatic missions of ASEAN Member States. Similar
Committees may be established relating to international
organisations. Such Committees shall promote ASEAN’s
interests and identity in the host countries and international
2. The ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting shall determine
the rules of procedure of such Committees.
ARTICLE 44. STATUS OF EXTERNAL PARTIES
1. In conducting ASEAN’s external relations, the ASEAN
Foreign Ministers Meeting may confer on an external party the
formal status of Dialogue Partner, Sectoral Dialogue Partner,
Development Partner, Special Observer, Guest, or other status
that may be established henceforth.
2. External parties may be invited to ASEAN meetings or
cooperative activities without being conferred any formal status,
in accordance with the rules of procedure.
ARTICLE 45. RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM AND
OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS
1. ASEAN may seek an appropriate status with the United
Nations system as well as with other sub-regional, regional,
international organisations and institutions.
2. The ASEAN Coordinating Council shall decide on the
participation of ASEAN in other sub-regional, regional,
international organisations and institutions.
ARTICLE 46. ACCREDITATION OF NON-ASEAN MEMBER STATES TO ASEAN
Non-ASEAN Member States and relevant inter-governmental
organisations may appoint and accredit Ambassadors to ASEAN.
The ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting shall decide on such
accreditation.May 12, 2011 at 7:03 am #383986
GENERAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS
ARTICLE 47. SIGNATURE, RATIFICATION, DEPOSITORY AND ENTRY
1. This Charter shall be signed by all ASEAN Member
2. This Charter shall be subject to ratification by all ASEAN
Member States in accordance with their respective internal
3. Instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the
Secretary-General of ASEAN who shall promptly notify all
Member States of each deposit.
4. This Charter shall enter into force on the thirtieth day
following the date of deposit of the tenth instrument of
ratification with the Secretary-General of ASEAN.
ARTICLE 48. AMENDMENTS
1. Any Member State may propose amendments to the
2. Proposed amendments to the Charter shall be submitted
by the ASEAN Coordinating Council by consensus to the
ASEAN Summit for its decision.
3. Amendments to the Charter agreed to by consensus by
the ASEAN Summit shall be ratified by all Member States in
accordance with Article 47.
4. An amendment shall enter into force on the thirtieth day
following the date of deposit of the last instrument of ratification
with the Secretary-General of ASEAN.
ARTICLE 49. TERMS OF REFERENCE AND RULES OF PROCEDURE
Unless otherwise provided for in this Charter, the ASEAN
Coordinating Council shall determine the terms of reference
and rules of procedure and shall ensure their consistency.
ARTICLE 50. REVIEW
This Charter may be reviewed five years after its entry into
force or as otherwise determined by the ASEAN Summit.
ARTICLE 51. INTERPRETATION OF THE CHARTER
1. Upon the request of any Member State, the interpretation
of the Charter shall be undertaken by the ASEAN Secretariat in
accordance with the rules of procedure determined by the
ASEAN Coordinating Council.
2. Any dispute arising from the interpretation of the Charter
shall be settled in accordance with the relevant provisions in
3. Headings and titles used throughout the Charter shall
only be for the purpose of reference.
ARTICLE 52. LEGAL CONTINUITY
1. All treaties, conventions, agreements, concords,
declarations, protocols and other ASEAN instruments which
have been in effect before the entry into force of this Charter
shall continue to be valid.
2. In case of inconsistency between the rights and
obligations of ASEAN Member States under such instruments
and this Charter, the Charter shall prevail.
ARTICLE 53. ORIGINAL TEXT
The signed original text of this Charter in English shall be
deposited with the Secretary-General of ASEAN, who shall
provide a certified copy to each Member State.
ARTICLE 54. REGISTRATION OF THE ASEAN CHARTER
This Charter shall be registered by the Secretary-General of
ASEAN with the Secretariat of the United Nations, pursuant to
Article 102, paragraph 1 of the Charter of the United Nations.
ARTICLE 55. ASEAN ASSETS
The assets and funds of the Organisation shall be vested in the
name of ASEAN.
Done in Singapore on the Twentieth Day of November in the
Year Two Thousand and Seven, in a single original in the
For Brunei Darussalam:
HAJI HASSANAL BOLKIAH
Sultan of Brunei Darussalam
For the Kingdom of Cambodia:
SAMDECH HUN SEN
For the Republic of Indonesia:
DR. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO
For the Lao People’s Democratic Republic:
DATO’ SERI ABDULLAH AHMAD BADAWI
For the Union of Myanmar:
GENERAL THEIN SEIN
For the Republic of the Philippines:
For the Republic of Singapore:
LEE HSIEN LOONG
For the Kingdom of Thailand:
GENERAL SURAYUD CHULANONT (RET.)
For the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam:
NGUYEN TAN DUNG
[Message last modified 05-12-2011 02:09pm by veayoo]May 12, 2011 at 5:26 pm #383994
Europe has a few organizations set after world war II. It has Europe Union and NATO.
Somehow, Europe nations do not fight like they used to any more. I wander whether any of the above organizations has clue to peace among nations that ASEAN lacks.May 12, 2011 at 5:31 pm #384001
If I am not mistaken, ASEAN was somehow like NATO. Along its path, it turned itself to present ASEAN.May 12, 2011 at 5:45 pm #384009
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO, also called the (North) Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949.
The NATO headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium, and the organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
For its first few years, NATO was not much more than a political association. However, the Korean War galvanized the member states, and an integrated military structure was built up under the direction of two U.S. supreme commanders.
The first NATO Secretary General, Lord Ismay, famously stated the organization’s goal was “to keep the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down”.
Doubts over the strength of the relationship between the European states and the United States ebbed and flowed, along with doubts over the credibility of the NATO defence against a prospective Soviet invasion—doubts that led to the development of the independent French nuclear deterrent and the withdrawal of the French from NATO’s military structure from 1966.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, the organization became drawn into the Balkans while building better links with former potential enemies to the east, which culminated with several former Warsaw Pact states joining the alliance in 1999 and 2004.
On 1 April 2009, membership was enlarged to 28 with the entrance of Albania and Croatia. Since the 11 September attacks, NATO has attempted to refocus itself to new challenges and has deployed troops to Afghanistan as well as trainers to Iraq.
The Berlin Plus agreement is a comprehensive package of agreements made between NATO and the European Union on 16 December 2002. With this agreement the EU was given the possibility to use NATO assets in case it wanted to act independently in an international crisis, on the condition that NATO itself did not want to act—the so-called “right of first refusal”.[dead link] Only if NATO refused to act would the EU have the option to act.
The combined military spending of all NATO members constitutes over 70% of the world’s defence spending. The United States alone accounts for 43% of the total military spending of the world and the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Italy account for a further 15%.May 12, 2011 at 5:52 pm #384016
Members of NATO
NATO has added new members seven times since first forming in 1949 (the last two in 2009).
NATO comprises 28 members: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
New membership in the alliance has been largely from Eastern Europe and the Balkans, including former members of the Warsaw Pact. At the 2008 summit in Bucharest, three countries were promised future invitations: the Republic of Macedonia, Georgia and Ukraine.
Though it has completed the requirements for membership, the accession of Macedonia is blocked by Greece, pending resolution of the Macedonia naming dispute. Cyprus also has not progressed toward further relations, in part because of opposition from Turkey.
Other potential candidate countries include Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, which joined the Adriatic Charter of potential members in 2008.
Russia, as referred to above, continues to oppose further expansion, seeing it as inconsistent with understandings between Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. President George H. W. Bush that allowed for a peaceful German reunification. NATO’s expansion policy is seen by Moscow as a continuation of a Cold War attempt to surround and isolate Russia.