April 5, 2008 at 1:47 am #362785
Khmer culture is tied well to familiar gods such as devata, apsara and kenara. The followings are their definition.
Deva or Devata = Being who lives on the ground or in the skies and pulls the earth’s resources out.
Apsara = Damsels who lives in rivers, entertains gods, and seduces sages.
Kinara = Mysterious earth spirit sometimes associated with music.
Swarga = Celestrial realm( heaven) of the devada where the best parts of the material world resideApril 5, 2008 at 3:08 am #362795
What are yoga and tantra for?
Hinduism( also Vajrayana Buddhism) believe that living beings, the jivas, including gods and humans could get away from rebirth cycles and reach enlightenment/ nirvana by practicing yoga and tantra.
This enlightenment and nirvana yoga is a lot more than just shoulder stand and head stand, etc. It involves at least four things: Action, Devotion, Meditation, and Knowledge. Each of the four things requires a lot of effort.
Not all yogins get to enlightenment or nirvana. Only a few gets there.
Both Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism inspire the ascetic paradigm of Shiva in their yoga and tantra. Shiva is the top guru, a Mahadeva.
Yoga and tantra use a variety of mantra, moudra, mandala, and yantra.
Yoga = Means to liberation; mental control; method by which to harness the body to the soul, and the soul to the universal Soul.
Mantra = Primarily used as spiritual conduits, words or vibrations that instill one-pointed concentration in the devotee. Other purposes have included religious ceremonies to accumulate wealth, avoid danger, or eliminate enemies. Mantras originated in the Vedic religion of India, later becoming an essential part of the Hindu tradition and a customary practice within Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.
Tantra = sets of techniques , usually action-oriented, to weave together mind and body. Occult side of Hinduism that views the flesh and material world as the medium through which the truth can be realized.
Mudras = A kind of posture or body movement that one carries while chanting a mantra.
Mandala = plan, chart or geometric pattern that represents the cosmos metaphysically or symbolically, a microcosm of the Universe from the human perspective.
Yantra( < yam = meaning knowledge of an object or concept + tra = liberation from bond). Yantra contain geometric items and archetypal shapes and patterns namely squares, triangles, circles and floral patterns; but may also include bija mantra and more complex and detailed symbols.
Though often rendered in two dimensions through art, yantra are conceived and conceptualized by practitioners as multi-dimensional sacred architecture and in this quality are identical with their correlate the mandala.
Meditation and trance induction that generates the yantra of the subtle body in the complementary modes of the utpatti-krama and saṃpanna-krama are invested in the various lineages of tantric transmission as exterior and interior sacred architecture that potentiate the accretion and manifestation of siddhi.
Sri yantra = two series of triangles surrounded by lotus leaves and circles. Sri yantras dated back to about 3,000 BC.April 5, 2008 at 9:35 pm #362805
Buddhism tantra, teachings and practices for touching enlightenment with the body, by Reginald Ray.
This is a package of nine tapes, with NO accompanying written material at all.
In the tapes, Dr Reginald Ray introduces Vajrayana Buddhism with the tantra.
Vajrayana Buddhism is being practiced in Tibet as well as in a few places in India. It is a newer branch of Buddhism, compared to Hinayana/ Theravada and Mahayana. (
Buddhism came to the world about 2,500 years ago. Hinayana/ Theravada Buddhism, in which monks live away from opposite sex and NO sex as part of their code of conduct, started then at the beginning. The Khmers are sticking to the Hinayana/ Theravada Buddhism.
Later on some Buddhists felt that the original way of No sex, etc was too tough to go with. They then created the Mahayana Buddhism in which monks can be married and have children or so.
The Vajrayana Buddhism is based on the relaxed Mahayana Buddhism, allowing monks and practitioners to have family, live a normal life and practice meditation the tantric way.
The Vajrayana Buddhism tantra is still something secret, as it could bring problems to those who do not know how to use it properly. It appears like it has a lot in common with Shiva tantra, because in Tibet, people built some Buddha statutes having Shiva, with a third eye on the forehead, sitting in Buddha robe and meditation posture!
Vajrayana means diamond. Vajrayana Buddhism builds strong mental spirit.April 6, 2008 at 3:07 pm #362815
More on Vajrayana Buddhism tantra: My first systematic yoga and meditation evr!!
Without any accompanied manual, I had to follow the tapes through playing them. Playing them, I can’t just fly over quickly as I have no way to tell where I should get the main points. I had to go along with the whole length of tapes.
This style is good any way, as it allows me to do the MEDITATION !!!! This is the first time in my life that I get to really learn to meditate.
The meditation includes sitting in a proper postures( laying down and straight sitting), breathing, working on visualization, senses and on concentration. The taped lessons mentioned chakras and nadis as well.
While I had problem sitting straight on the floor at the beginning, I am getting a lot better. I am comfortable sitting like Buddha now. The breathing techniques are pleasant. My mind was clear after my first try. I plan to continue the yoga and meditation techniques that I have been through.
I am not sure about whether these techniques will lead me to enlightenment or nirvana. The good things for now is that I exhale the polluted air out of my breath and pull in the new one into my lung. With the meditation and concentration that have cleared my mind, these things are worthwhile.
To get more serious, the author says that having a teacher is a way to go, as only accomplished teacher can take people to enlightenment.
Thanks to Anonymous, my KC friend, for mentioning tantra and hinduism in the thread. It actually oriented my attention to dig into tantra. Thanks.April 6, 2008 at 6:59 pm #362826
I don’t know if you already seen this site or not but here a site that talk about tantra in Khmer culture.April 8, 2008 at 5:57 pm #362836
The web site shows a little about Tantra which was practiced in Cambodia in the past. It helps.
It is interesting to see again that Tantra in Cambodia involved both Hinduism and Buddhism. Buddhism tantra, like in Vijrayana Buddhism, invokes Shakti ( Preah Me Kali) as the female divine who play a role as Catalyst in yoga. As we know it, Shakti is Shiva’s spouse (or the female representation of Shiva).
As a Buddhist, I see a very strong point in Vijaryana Buddhist, as it facilitates enlightenment/ nirvana from a lay man stand point. This Buddhist branch does not require a person to build good deeds for 500 lives in order to get to enlightenment (like Buddha case). Theorically, according to Vijrayana, any one could get there as long as he or she tries. Yoga is the way.
Beside Shakti, Vijrayana tantra requires a god as visual inspiration. For me, I have no problem visualizing my dad, Shiva, to be the role model. He said he was my dad!!!
Both Buddhism and Hinduism, combined, create a good path to enlightenment! Good possibilityApril 17, 2008 at 6:24 am #362846
My grandpa advised that I have too much going on now in my life. Three more years will be better for all yogas and meditation.
He did say that I could see his shadow though, thus a kind of seeing!! Remember he is a spirit, a Baromey, a Neakta, a Rishi and an Eysey. I’ll see whether I’ll get the requested and approved boon.April 19, 2008 at 2:34 am #362853
Forthcoming sessions will address whether the Khmer Hinduism, spirit and Boramey matters are all superstitious. More precisely, whether they are worthwhile.April 25, 2008 at 5:23 am #362864
I discover this week in Cambodia that what the French man, in a previous reply, called Snang or Rup is actually called Snarng in Khmer.
The French man spelled Snang wit an accent on the vowel a. When the French word got translated to English, the accent on the vowel was lost.
The word Snang was meaningless to me. The Khmer word Snarng means a replacement. The Rup(Roop) or Snarng actually are humans who serves as a body for spirits and baromeys to enter. Through Roop and Snarng, spirits and baromeys can communicate to us, humans.
I discovered the word as I saw a baromey named Lokta Prok Pul, meaning the soldier maker. Prak Pul could be someone who could make soldiers from straws or grasses etc.April 25, 2008 at 6:22 pm #362874
^^^intertesting i never heard of sang ethier